Tag Archives: angularjs

TDD Test AngularJs Service $Http

In my last post I have hardcode the data into the service to let my test pass, now in this post I will change that service to by inject the $http service into my module and let it return httpPromise.

Here is my new movieApi.js file


(function(){
   "use strict";
   
  var app =  angular.module('moviesApi',[]);

    app.factory('moviesApi',function($http, $q){
        var service = {};
        var baseUrl = 'http://www.omdbapi.com/?v=1&';

        function httpPromise (url) {
			var deferred = $q.defer();
			$http.get(url)
				.success(function(data) {
					deferred.resolve(data);
				})
				.error(function(error) {
					deferred.reject(error);
				});
			return deferred.promise;
		}

        service.search = function(query) {
			return httpPromise(baseUrl + 's=' + 
                               encodeURIComponent(query));
		} 
                    
   return service;
 });
})()

Then my unit test fail, that is because now my service return a promise and it has not resolve yet, but my test expect data, for how to solve this issue, angularjs has provide $httpBackend for Fake HTTP backend implementation for unit testing application that use the $http service.

Here is the new test code:

$httpBackend;
beforeEach(module('moviesApi'));
         //angular.mock is under the globe variable, so I have remove it 
         //the beforeEach is jasmine provide if you have multiple test need 
         //the same  set up, it will automatic set for each test, will reduce copy code
         //for name convenience  I also changed the service's name 
         //to match the module name
        //then in the dependence inject angularjs allow your put the underscore 
        //for your inject service,it will pick it up
	beforeEach(inject(function(_moviesApi_,_$httpBackend_) {
		moviesApi = _moviesApi_;
                $httpBackend = _$httpBackend_;
	}));
    
    it('should return search movies data',function(){
        var response;
        var expectedUrl = 'http://www.omdbapi.com/?v=1&s=star%20wars';
        $httpBackend.when('GET',expectedUrl)
                .respond(200,moviesData); 
        
        moviesApi.search('star wars')
                .then(function(data){
                        response = data;
                });

        //the fake $httpBackend has function flush will resolve the data for you to       //test

        $httpBackend.flush();

        expect(response).toEqual(moviesData);
    });

Tips: as frondend developer also could using this Fake data create a service response, so you do not need waiting for the backend service finished to do your job.

 

Now the test will pass.

Have fun!

Create angularjs service to let the test pass – to be continue…

Create angularjs service is very easy, in anguarjs 1.x have 4 way to create services, but the most of popular way is .factory, and I am going to use the factory function to create an angularjs service and let the angular-mock.js to inject this instance to my test and let my test pass.

In the real life project a lot of people put everything in one of angularjs module, but today we are going to follow  the TDD principle, I will follow the best practice way for write easy read and testable code. So I will create an separated angularjs module.

Here is the code part start:

Step1: create a folder named: services  under the src folder, and create moviesApi.js file, here is the code for that js file


(function(){
   "use strict";
   
  var app =  angular.module('moviesApi',[]);

    app.factory('moviesApi',function(){
        var service = {};
        service.search = function(query){
                                return {"Search":[{"Title":"Star Wars: Episode IV - A New Hope","Year":"1977","imdbID":"tt0076759","Type":"movie","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BZGEzZTExMDEtNjg4OC00NjQxLTk5NTUtNjRkNjA3MmYwZjg1XkEyXkFqcGdeQXVyMTQxNzMzNDI@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: Episode V - The Empire Strikes Back","Year":"1980","imdbID":"tt0080684","Type":"movie","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BYmViY2M2MTYtY2MzOS00YjQ1LWIzYmEtOTBiNjhlMGM0NjZjXkEyXkFqcGdeQXVyNDYyMDk5MTU@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: Episode VI - Return of the Jedi","Year":"1983","imdbID":"tt0086190","Type":"movie","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BODllZjg2YjUtNWEzNy00ZGY2LTgyZmQtYTkxNDYyOWM3OTUyXkEyXkFqcGdeQXVyMTQxNzMzNDI@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: The Force Awakens","Year":"2015","imdbID":"tt2488496","Type":"movie","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BOTAzODEzNDAzMl5BMl5BanBnXkFtZTgwMDU1MTgzNzE@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: Episode I - The Phantom Menace","Year":"1999","imdbID":"tt0120915","Type":"movie","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BM2FmZGIwMzAtZTBkMS00M2JiLTk2MDctM2FlNTQ2OWYwZDZkXkEyXkFqcGdeQXVyNDYyMDk5MTU@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: Episode III - Revenge of the Sith","Year":"2005","imdbID":"tt0121766","Type":"movie","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BNTc4MTc3NTQ5OF5BMl5BanBnXkFtZTcwOTg0NjI4NA@@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: Episode II - Attack of the Clones","Year":"2002","imdbID":"tt0121765","Type":"movie","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BNDRkYzA4OGYtOTBjYy00YzFiLThhYmYtMWUzMDBmMmZkM2M3XkEyXkFqcGdeQXVyNDYyMDk5MTU@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: The Clone Wars","Year":"2008","imdbID":"tt1185834","Type":"movie","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BMTI1MDIwMTczOV5BMl5BanBnXkFtZTcwNTI4MDE3MQ@@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: The Clone Wars","Year":"2008–2015","imdbID":"tt0458290","Type":"series","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BMTM0NjQ2Mjk0OV5BMl5BanBnXkFtZTcwODQ3Njc3Mg@@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: Clone Wars","Year":"2003–2005","imdbID":"tt0361243","Type":"series","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BMjE2Mjk5Mzk3M15BMl5BanBnXkFtZTcwMDkzMTIzMQ@@._V1_SX300.jpg"}],"totalResults":"354","Response":"True"};
                        };   

                   
                        
                    
   return service;

 });

})()

Now go back to your test spec file, using angular-mock to mock your module and inject the service:


angular.mock.module('moviesApi');//mock the module 
angular.mock.inject(function(_moviesApi_){//inject your real servies
            service = _moviesApi_;
        });


The movies.services.js should look like this:


describe('data services',function(){
    var moviesData = {"Search":[{"Title":"Star Wars: Episode IV - A New Hope","Year":"1977","imdbID":"tt0076759","Type":"movie","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BZGEzZTExMDEtNjg4OC00NjQxLTk5NTUtNjRkNjA3MmYwZjg1XkEyXkFqcGdeQXVyMTQxNzMzNDI@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: Episode V - The Empire Strikes Back","Year":"1980","imdbID":"tt0080684","Type":"movie","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BYmViY2M2MTYtY2MzOS00YjQ1LWIzYmEtOTBiNjhlMGM0NjZjXkEyXkFqcGdeQXVyNDYyMDk5MTU@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: Episode VI - Return of the Jedi","Year":"1983","imdbID":"tt0086190","Type":"movie","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BODllZjg2YjUtNWEzNy00ZGY2LTgyZmQtYTkxNDYyOWM3OTUyXkEyXkFqcGdeQXVyMTQxNzMzNDI@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: The Force Awakens","Year":"2015","imdbID":"tt2488496","Type":"movie","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BOTAzODEzNDAzMl5BMl5BanBnXkFtZTgwMDU1MTgzNzE@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: Episode I - The Phantom Menace","Year":"1999","imdbID":"tt0120915","Type":"movie","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BM2FmZGIwMzAtZTBkMS00M2JiLTk2MDctM2FlNTQ2OWYwZDZkXkEyXkFqcGdeQXVyNDYyMDk5MTU@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: Episode III - Revenge of the Sith","Year":"2005","imdbID":"tt0121766","Type":"movie","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BNTc4MTc3NTQ5OF5BMl5BanBnXkFtZTcwOTg0NjI4NA@@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: Episode II - Attack of the Clones","Year":"2002","imdbID":"tt0121765","Type":"movie","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BNDRkYzA4OGYtOTBjYy00YzFiLThhYmYtMWUzMDBmMmZkM2M3XkEyXkFqcGdeQXVyNDYyMDk5MTU@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: The Clone Wars","Year":"2008","imdbID":"tt1185834","Type":"movie","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BMTI1MDIwMTczOV5BMl5BanBnXkFtZTcwNTI4MDE3MQ@@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: The Clone Wars","Year":"2008–2015","imdbID":"tt0458290","Type":"series","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BMTM0NjQ2Mjk0OV5BMl5BanBnXkFtZTcwODQ3Njc3Mg@@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: Clone Wars","Year":"2003–2005","imdbID":"tt0361243","Type":"series","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BMjE2Mjk5Mzk3M15BMl5BanBnXkFtZTcwMDkzMTIzMQ@@._V1_SX300.jpg"}],"totalResults":"354","Response":"True"};

    it('should return search movies data',function(){
        var service = {};

        angular.mock.module('moviesApi');


        angular.mock.inject(function(_moviesApi_){
            service = _moviesApi_;
        })

        expect(service.search('star wars')).toEqual(moviesData);
    })
});

Now your test will be pass.

But still the moviesApi.js I hardcode the data over there, it is not what I want, next post, I will write code how to do HTTP test.

To be continue…

TDD AngularJs Services Test- continue with last post

Currently a lot of developer team like follow by the TDD pattern, it means that write your test first then write the code to let it pass.

Any app either is for display data or just for possessing data, so my first test that I lik to build the data services first. And know we need follow the TDD principle, so we need to create the test first.

Continue with my last post, then I create a folder name services under the spec folder and create a movies.services.spec.js.

Now  here is my first test:


describe('data services',function(){
    var moviesData = {"Search":[{"Title":"Star Wars: Episode IV - A New Hope","Year":"1977","imdbID":"tt0076759","Type":"movie","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BZGEzZTExMDEtNjg4OC00NjQxLTk5NTUtNjRkNjA3MmYwZjg1XkEyXkFqcGdeQXVyMTQxNzMzNDI@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: Episode V - The Empire Strikes Back","Year":"1980","imdbID":"tt0080684","Type":"movie","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BYmViY2M2MTYtY2MzOS00YjQ1LWIzYmEtOTBiNjhlMGM0NjZjXkEyXkFqcGdeQXVyNDYyMDk5MTU@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: Episode VI - Return of the Jedi","Year":"1983","imdbID":"tt0086190","Type":"movie","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BODllZjg2YjUtNWEzNy00ZGY2LTgyZmQtYTkxNDYyOWM3OTUyXkEyXkFqcGdeQXVyMTQxNzMzNDI@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: The Force Awakens","Year":"2015","imdbID":"tt2488496","Type":"movie","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BOTAzODEzNDAzMl5BMl5BanBnXkFtZTgwMDU1MTgzNzE@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: Episode I - The Phantom Menace","Year":"1999","imdbID":"tt0120915","Type":"movie","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BM2FmZGIwMzAtZTBkMS00M2JiLTk2MDctM2FlNTQ2OWYwZDZkXkEyXkFqcGdeQXVyNDYyMDk5MTU@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: Episode III - Revenge of the Sith","Year":"2005","imdbID":"tt0121766","Type":"movie","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BNTc4MTc3NTQ5OF5BMl5BanBnXkFtZTcwOTg0NjI4NA@@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: Episode II - Attack of the Clones","Year":"2002","imdbID":"tt0121765","Type":"movie","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BNDRkYzA4OGYtOTBjYy00YzFiLThhYmYtMWUzMDBmMmZkM2M3XkEyXkFqcGdeQXVyNDYyMDk5MTU@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: The Clone Wars","Year":"2008","imdbID":"tt1185834","Type":"movie","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BMTI1MDIwMTczOV5BMl5BanBnXkFtZTcwNTI4MDE3MQ@@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: The Clone Wars","Year":"2008–2015","imdbID":"tt0458290","Type":"series","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BMTM0NjQ2Mjk0OV5BMl5BanBnXkFtZTcwODQ3Njc3Mg@@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: Clone Wars","Year":"2003–2005","imdbID":"tt0361243","Type":"series","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BMjE2Mjk5Mzk3M15BMl5BanBnXkFtZTcwMDkzMTIzMQ@@._V1_SX300.jpg"}],"totalResults":"354","Response":"True"};

    it('should return search movies data',function(){
        var service = {};

        expect(service.search('star wars')).toEqual(moviesData);
    })
});

By the way, before I start I already run npm test, so you could see my test is fail.

firstfailexpect

So next we are going to write a code to let it pass.


describe('data services',function(){
    var moviesData = {"Search":[{"Title":"Star Wars: Episode IV - A New Hope","Year":"1977","imdbID":"tt0076759","Type":"movie","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BZGEzZTExMDEtNjg4OC00NjQxLTk5NTUtNjRkNjA3MmYwZjg1XkEyXkFqcGdeQXVyMTQxNzMzNDI@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: Episode V - The Empire Strikes Back","Year":"1980","imdbID":"tt0080684","Type":"movie","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BYmViY2M2MTYtY2MzOS00YjQ1LWIzYmEtOTBiNjhlMGM0NjZjXkEyXkFqcGdeQXVyNDYyMDk5MTU@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: Episode VI - Return of the Jedi","Year":"1983","imdbID":"tt0086190","Type":"movie","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BODllZjg2YjUtNWEzNy00ZGY2LTgyZmQtYTkxNDYyOWM3OTUyXkEyXkFqcGdeQXVyMTQxNzMzNDI@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: The Force Awakens","Year":"2015","imdbID":"tt2488496","Type":"movie","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BOTAzODEzNDAzMl5BMl5BanBnXkFtZTgwMDU1MTgzNzE@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: Episode I - The Phantom Menace","Year":"1999","imdbID":"tt0120915","Type":"movie","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BM2FmZGIwMzAtZTBkMS00M2JiLTk2MDctM2FlNTQ2OWYwZDZkXkEyXkFqcGdeQXVyNDYyMDk5MTU@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: Episode III - Revenge of the Sith","Year":"2005","imdbID":"tt0121766","Type":"movie","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BNTc4MTc3NTQ5OF5BMl5BanBnXkFtZTcwOTg0NjI4NA@@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: Episode II - Attack of the Clones","Year":"2002","imdbID":"tt0121765","Type":"movie","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BNDRkYzA4OGYtOTBjYy00YzFiLThhYmYtMWUzMDBmMmZkM2M3XkEyXkFqcGdeQXVyNDYyMDk5MTU@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: The Clone Wars","Year":"2008","imdbID":"tt1185834","Type":"movie","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BMTI1MDIwMTczOV5BMl5BanBnXkFtZTcwNTI4MDE3MQ@@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: The Clone Wars","Year":"2008–2015","imdbID":"tt0458290","Type":"series","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BMTM0NjQ2Mjk0OV5BMl5BanBnXkFtZTcwODQ3Njc3Mg@@._V1_SX300.jpg"},{"Title":"Star Wars: Clone Wars","Year":"2003–2005","imdbID":"tt0361243","Type":"series","Poster":"https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/M/MV5BMjE2Mjk5Mzk3M15BMl5BanBnXkFtZTcwMDkzMTIzMQ@@._V1_SX300.jpg"}],"totalResults":"354","Response":"True"};

    it('should return search movies data',function(){
        var service = {};
        service.search = function (){
            return moviesData;
        }

        expect(service.search('star wars')).toEqual(moviesData);
    })
});
firstfailexpectpass

Now the test is passed, but this is not what we want, we want is an angularjs service instance.

That is my next post.  - to be continue...

 

Introduction Set up TTD for Angular App – to be continue

Step 1 : go to Jasmine release page https://github.com/jasmine/jasmine/releases download the standalone zip file.

Step2: create a project folder in your computer where you like to put it, unzip the jasmine standalone zip file inside your project folder, then we could delete the sample files inside src and spec folder since we won’t using it, but keep the folder, so we could still using it.

Step3:  run npm init (make sure nodejs has been install in your computer) will create package.json file

Step4: install karma as test runner

npm install karma --save-dev

Step5: install -g karma-cli

Step6: npm install karma-jasmine karma-chrome-launcher –save-dev

Step7:karma init (for add the config file for karma)

test

Step 8: normal running test in phantom is fast so also need install packages:

“karma-phantomjs-launcher”: “^0.2.1”,
“phantomjs”: “^1.9.18”

Now your package.json file will look like this


{
  "name": "sample",
  "version": "1.0.0",
  "description": "",
  "main": "index.js",
  "scripts": {
     "test": "karma start karma.conf.js"
  },
  "keywords": [
    "sample"
  ],
  "author": "sandy zhang",
  "license": "ISC",
  "devDependencies": {
    "jasmine-core": "^2.3.4",
    "karma": "^0.13.9",
    "karma-chrome-launcher": "^0.2.0",
    "karma-jasmine": "^0.3.6",
    "karma-phantomjs-launcher": "^0.2.1",
    "phantomjs": "^1.9.18"
  }
}

Step9: Add angularjs and angular-mock.js into the lib folder, and included it into the karma config file


// Karma configuration
// Generated on Sat Nov 12 2016 22:15:24 GMT+1100 (AUS Eastern Daylight Time)

module.exports = function(config) {
  config.set({

    // base path that will be used to resolve all patterns (eg. files, exclude)
    basePath: '',


    // frameworks to use
    // available frameworks: https://npmjs.org/browse/keyword/karma-adapter
    frameworks: ['jasmine'],


    // list of files / patterns to load in the browser
    files: [
      'lib/angular/angular.min.js',
      'lib/angular/angular-mocks.js',
      'src/**/*.js',
      'spec/**/*.js'
    ],


    // list of files to exclude
    exclude: [
    ],


    // preprocess matching files before serving them to the browser
    // available preprocessors: https://npmjs.org/browse/keyword/karma-preprocessor
    preprocessors: {
    },


    // test results reporter to use
    // possible values: 'dots', 'progress'
    // available reporters: https://npmjs.org/browse/keyword/karma-reporter
    reporters: ['progress'],


    // web server port
    port: 9876,


    // enable / disable colors in the output (reporters and logs)
    colors: true,


    // level of logging
    // possible values: config.LOG_DISABLE || config.LOG_ERROR || config.LOG_WARN || config.LOG_INFO || config.LOG_DEBUG
    logLevel: config.LOG_INFO,


    // enable / disable watching file and executing tests whenever any file changes
    autoWatch: true,


    // start these browsers
    // available browser launchers: https://npmjs.org/browse/keyword/karma-launcher
    browsers: ['PhantomJS'],


    // Continuous Integration mode
    // if true, Karma captures browsers, runs the tests and exits
    singleRun: false,

    // Concurrency level
    // how many browser should be started simultaneous
    concurrency: Infinity
  })
}

Now I create a calculater.js file inside src folder with one function

function add(x,y){
return x+y;
};

And create your first calculater.spec.js inside spec folder

describe(‘calculator’,function(){
it(‘should add two number’,function(){
expect(add(1,2)).toBe(3);
})
});

then run npm test, then your will get your result.

firsttest.JPG

 

Angular 2 Tutorial – movies App

Last time I wrote a blog created the MovieAPI and now I am using that API as back end services to create an angular 2 app.

the final source code could find at my github repository.  here is the link download

For the MovieAPI open it, build it will install the packages automatically, then run the service first.

After the service is done, go to the angular2 folder, open command window

–run npm install,

— npm start

It will look like this:

home

create.PNG

added

Step 1 : Setting up your angular 2 application, I already have a blog  click here to found it. Or also could download from the source file from https://github.com/angular/quickstart/blob/master/README.md but it add a lot of unnecessary setting, probably confuse for beginning learner.

It was better do few times manually setting it up to get understand all of the necessary for start anguar 2 application.

Step 2:  In angualr 2 everything is component, for me normally like to create the service first. I just create a file named movies.service.ts under folder movies


import {Injectable} from 'angular2/core';
import {IMovie} from './movie';
import {Http, RequestOptions , Response, Headers} from 'angular2/http';
import {Observable} from 'rxjs/Observable';

@Injectable() 
export class MovieService {   
    private _movieUrl = 'http://localhost:53871/api/movies';

    constructor(private _http: Http) { }

    getMovies(): Observable<IMovie[]> {
        return this._http.get(this._movieUrl)
            .map((response: Response) => <IMovie[]>response.json()) //arrow function, tranceform response to json object and is array of IMovie[]
            .do(data => console.log("All: " + JSON.stringify(data))) //for debug
            .catch(this.handleError);
    }


    createMovie(movie: IMovie): Observable {
        let body = JSON.stringify(movie); 
        let headers = new Headers({ 'Content-Type': 'application/json' });
        let options = new RequestOptions({ headers: headers });

        return this._http.post(this._movieUrl, body, options)               
                .map(this.extractData)
                .catch(this.handleError);
    }

    private extractData(res: Response) {
        let body = res.json();
        return body.data || {};
    }

    private handleError(error: Response) {
        console.error(error);
        return Observable.throw(error.json().error || 'Server error');
    }
}

In there MovieService I have a IMovie here is my movie.ts I put it in the same folder with MovieService .


//interface won't compile to js file, it just for typescript do type checking
 export interface IMovie { 
    movieId: number;
    title: string;
    genre: string;
    classification: string;
    releaseDate: number;
    rating: number;
    cast: string[];

}


export class Movie implements IMovie {
    movieId: number;
    title: string;
    genre: string;
    classification: string;
    releaseDate: number;
    rating: number;
    cast: string[];
}

Step 3: Inject the services.
Go to the app.component.ts this is our container component, for anguar 2 only need inject once, then all of the nest container could using it ( by import it ).

Inject a service has two steps:

1) import the file into the app.component,

2) Inject it as providers

here is my app.component.ts

angular2_injection

Step 4: Create the movies-list.component.ts


//for using component, simply import it into this file
import {Component, OnInit} from 'angular2/core';
import { ROUTER_DIRECTIVES } from 'angular2/router';

import {IMovie} from './movie';
import {MovieService} from './movies.service';
import {MovieFilterPipe} from './movie-filter.pipe';
import { StarComponent } from '../shared/star.component';

@Component({
    selector: 'sz-movies',
    templateUrl: 'app/movies/movies-list.component.html',
    styleUrls: ['app/movies/movies-list.component.css'],  
    pipes: [MovieFilterPipe],
    directives: [StarComponent, ROUTER_DIRECTIVES]
   
})
export class MovieListComponent implements OnInit {
    pageTitle: string = 'Movie List';   
   
    listFilter: string;
    errorMessage: string;
    movies: IMovie[];


    constructor(private _movieService: MovieService) {

    }
    
    ngOnInit(): void {
        this._movieService.getMovies()
            .subscribe(
            movies => this.movies = movies,
            error => this.errorMessage = error);
    }

}

here is the movies-list.component.htmlmovies_html

 

for this component I have a nested StarComponent.

Setp 5: create nested StarComponent, here is the star.component.ts under the share folder


import { Component, OnInit, Input} from 'angular2/core';
@Component({
    selector: 'sz-star',
    templateUrl: 'app/shared/star.component.html',
    styleUrls: ['app/shared/star.component.css']
})
export class StarComponent implements OnInit {
    @Input() rating: number;
    starWidth: number;
    ngOnInit(): void {
        this.starWidth = this.rating * 86 / 5;
    }
}

star.component.htmlstar.PNG

css:

star_css

In angular 2: data flow is unidirectional, for passing data from view to the class

first: you passing data into the directive could bind it to the property

passing_data_down.PNG

Second: need import the Input from angular2/core, and bind it to the property

inData

Now, one nested movies-list.component and nested star.componet down.

Now using the same steps create the MovieCreateComponent


import {Component, OnInit} from 'angular2/core';

import {IMovie, Movie} from '../movie';
import {Router} from 'angular2/router';
import {MovieService} from '../movies.service';

@Component({
    templateUrl: 'app/movies/create/movie-create.component.html'
})

export class MovieCreateComponent implements OnInit {
    title: string = 'Create New Movie';
    newMovie: IMovie;

    constructor(
        private _moviesService: MovieService,
        private _router: Router
    ) { }

    ngOnInit() {
        this.newMovie = new Movie;
    }

    createMovie(event) {
        let _this = this;

        this._moviesService.createMovie(this.newMovie)
            .subscribe(function () {
                _this._router.navigate(['Movies']);
            });
    }

    cancelCreate(event) {
        this._router.navigate(['Movies']);
    }

}angular2_form.PNG
Router:
route.PNG

In the index.html page, put the baseurl:
baseUrl.png

Done, have fun!

Key different compare angular 2 to 1

  1. angualr 2 using bootstraping the app,
    import { bootstrap } from 'angular2/platform/browser';
    
    // Our main component
    import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
    
    bootstrap(AppComponent);

    and in angular 2 we bind it to html tag <body ng-app=”insuranceApp”>

  2. In angular 2 we create a application by create multiply components, and a component must contain: template(html layout also could included directives) + class(properties and methods) + Metadata(Extra data for angular, defined with a decorator). example:
    import { Component} from 'angular2/core';//must include the import
    @Component({ //metadata and template
        selector: 'rate-star',
        template: '

    {{greatingText}}

    ' })export class HelloComponent {//class with property and methods greatingText:string = "hello"; }

    In angular 1 we create controller + view

    First Name:
    Last Name:

    Full Name: {{firstName + ” ” + lastName}}

    var app = angular.module(‘myApp’, []);
    app.controller(‘myCtrl’, function($scope) {
    $scope.firstName = “John”;
    $scope.lastName = “Doe”;
    });

  3. In Angular 2 the data flow is unidirectional and angular 1 is two way bind
  4. In angular 2 bind property using [], bind event using () and removed
    <button (click)="onClickMe()">Click me!</button>//bind event
    //bind property
    angular2_bind_dom_property
    
    

     

  5. In Angular 2 there are not $scope anymore, for communicate with different components using service. And in angular 2 create service using class
import { Injectable } from 'angular2/core';

@Injectable() // working with constructor to do injection
export class BooksService {
     GetAllBooks = () =>
	[
		{ title: 'Ulysses', author: 'James Joyce', available: true, category: Category.Fiction },
		{ title: 'A Farewell to Arms', author: 'Ernest Hemingway', available: false, category: Category.Fiction },
		{ title: 'I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings', author: 'Maya Angelou', available: true, category: Category.Poetry },
		{ title: 'Moby Dick', author: 'Herman Melville', available: true, category: Category.Fiction }
	];	
}
but in angularjs 1 we could using priovide, service, value, factories to create a service. 

Angularjs tutorial – Set up Angularjs 2 application

1. Create an application folder
2. Create the tsconfig.json file

{
  "compilerOptions": {
    "target": "es5",
    "module": "system",
    "moduleResolution": "node",
    "sourceMap": true,
    "emitDecoratorMetadata": true,
    "experimentalDecorators": true,
    "removeComments": false,
    "noImplicitAny": false
  },
  "exclude": [
    "node_modules",
    "typings/main",
    "typings/main.d.ts"
  ]
}

3. Create the package.json file

{
    "name": "Angular 2 Demo",
    "version": "1.0.0",
    "author": "Sandy Zhang",
    "description": "sample application",
    "scripts": {
        "start": "concurrent \"npm run tsc:w\" \"npm run lite\" ",
        "tsc": "tsc",
        "tsc:w": "tsc -w",
        "lite": "lite-server",
        "typings": "typings",
        "postinstall": "typings install"
    },
    "license": "ISC",
    "dependencies": {
        "angular2": "2.0.0-beta.9",
        "systemjs": "0.19.24",
        "es6-promise": "^3.0.2",
        "es6-shim": "^0.35.0",
        "reflect-metadata": "0.1.2",
        "rxjs": "5.0.0-beta.2",
        "zone.js": "0.5.15",
        "bootstrap": "^3.3.6"
    },
    "devDependencies": {
        "concurrently": "^2.0.0",
        "lite-server": "^2.1.0",
        "typescript": "^1.8.9",
        "typings": "^0.7.9"
    },
    "repository": {}
}

4. Create the typings.json file

{
  "ambientDependencies": {
"es6-shim": "github:DefinitelyTyped/DefinitelyTyped/es6-shim/es6-shim.d.ts#7de6c3dd94feaeb21f20054b9f30d5dabc5efabd"  }
}

5. Install the libraries and typings

 npm install

6. Create the host Web page (index.html)

angularjs2_index

7. Create the main.ts file (bootstrapper)

import { bootstrap } from 'angular2/platform/browser';

// Our main component
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';

bootstrap(AppComponent);

8. here is the AppComponent

import { Component } from 'angular2/core';
@Component({
    selector: 'sz-app',
    template: `

hello world!

` }) export class AppComponent { pageTitle: string = 'Hello world'; }
angularjs2_01
angularjs2_01

Angularjs directive

Directives are the most important feature of AngularJS . Before we jump into how to create custom directive, first to understand the relationship between directive Scope and controllers is very important to help your create custom directives.

In angularjs, directive sit inside controllers, so when you create a custom directive, you must first create an angularjs module and controller first.

When you create a directive, angularjs provide 3 different scope for your to use:

Shared scope when you create a directive don’t specify the scope then it will be shared scope.So your controller and your directive has the same scope, like in c# field, the controller and the directive have point it point to the same object.Create shared scope you must be very careful, because the directive could override the controller scopes.

//shared scope example
angular.module('app', []);

angular.module('app').controller('mainCtrl', function($scope) {
  $scope.Todo = {
    title: 'your title',
    address: 'your address',
    description: 'your description'

});

angular.module('app').directive('toDoList', function() {
  return {// in here I didn't specify the scope, so it will be shared scope
    templateUrl: "todoList.html",
    restrict: "E"
  }
})

////event without define the scope in here, but the directive already share the 
//mainCtrol scope here
//toDolist.html
Title:{{title}}
Address:{{address}}
Description: {{description}}

Inherited scope when you create a directive return scope:true then it will create a inherited scope, so the parent scope(controller scope) will visible in the child scope( directive scope), but the  directive can’t override the parent scope. for example if you have scope.message = “parent message”; in the directive you create a scope.message = “child messages” it won’t override the parent scope, in there view if you use {{messages}} output is parent message, but if you use shared scope, in the directive template the output will be {{child messages}}

//shared scope example
angular.module('app', []);

angular.module('app').controller('mainCtrl', function($scope) {
  $scope.message = "parent message";
);

angular.module('app').directive('messagesView', function() {
  return {
    templateUrl: "messagesView.html",
    restrict: "E",
    scope:true,  // this is make the directive scope inherit from the mainCtrl
    controller:function($scope){
      $scope.message = "child message"; 

 } } })
//messagesView.html
{{message}} // output will be parent message 

Isolated scope: it allow the developer to encapsulate the data to your custom directive use only.

angular.module('app').directive('removeTodo', function() {
  return {
    restrict: 'E',
    templateUrl: 'removeTodo.html',
    scope: {
      todos: '=' //todos is only visible in your directive scope
    },
    controller: function($scope) {
      $scope.removeItem = function(todo) {
        var idx = $scope.data.indexOf(todo);
        if(idx > -1) {
          $scope.data.todo.splice(idx, 1);
        }
      }
      
    }
  }
})

And attach the whole angularjs directive structionangularjs-directive

Angularjs Service — Value and Constant Services

Value Services

  • Shorthand for factory with no parameters
  • Cannot be injected into a module configuration function
  • Can be overridden by an AngularJS decorator

Example using value

 angular.module('app')
        .value('clientId', 'a12345654321x');

Constant Services

  • Simply registers service with injector, no factory/provider calls
  • Can be injected into a module configuration function
  • Cannot be overridden by an AngularJSdecorator

Example

angular.module('app')
        .constant('constants', {
            APP_TITLE: 'My App',
            APP_DESCRIPTION: 'Description here.',
            APP_VERSION: '0.0.1'
        });

	

ANGULARJS SERVICES – Factory and Services

Using the factory function on the provide service is usually a much simpler option than using provider, if you don’t need to configure the underlying provider object. The snippet of code here is the Angular source code for the factory function.

function factory(name, factoryFn, enforce) { 
	return provider(name, { 
		$get: enforce !== false ? enforceReturnValue(name, factoryFn) : factoryFn 
		}); 
	}

You can see that all it really does is call the provider function and assign the function you pass to the factory function as the value of the get property on the provider.

Internally, it creates and passes the parameter name, enforce, just as a safety check to make sure the function passed to it actually returns an object. To use the factory function, you just pass it a name as the first parameter, like the provider function, and the second parameter is a function that will return an object that represents the service instance. If you don’t need to configure the provider, like previous post sample demo code, then using the factory function will be a much simpler and readable way to create your services.

The next service creation function we’ll look at is actually named service. It’s just a very thin wrapper around the factory function we just saw. The only difference is that the function you passed to the service method will be treated as a constructor function and called with the JavaScript “new” operator.

The snippet here is the Angular source code for the service function.

	function service(name, constructor) { 
	  return factory(name, ['$injector', function($injector) {  
	   return $injector.instantiate(constructor); 
	   }]);
	 }

It uses the instantiate method of the injector to call the function you pass to the service method. The instantiate method will then use the “new” operator to execute the function that creates the service. You would use the service method instead of the factory method if you specifically needed your function to be treated as a constructor and called with the “new” operator. There are several reasons why you may want that behavior. One is if you have defined an inheritance hierarchy in your code. Creating an instance with “new” will make sure that your instantiated object properly inherits from its prototypes.

Here is the example you must use the services instead of factory.

angular.module('app')
        .service('logger', MyLogger);

    function LoggerBase() { }

    LoggerBase.prototype.output = function(message) {
        console.log('LoggerBase: ' + message);
    };

    function MyLogger() {

        LoggerBase.call(this);

        this.log = function(obj) {
            console.log('Book: ' + obj.name);
        }
    }

    MyLogger.prototype = Object.create(LoggerBase.prototype);

only now I can use the output function, but using factory it won’t.

 app.config(['$logProvider',  function ( $logProvider) {
        $logProvider.output('what ever here!');

to be continue……..