Category Archives: WordPress

Bootrap Jumbotron into WordPress Theme

In this post I will use a bootstrap Jumbotron template,here is the link http://getbootstrap.com/examples/jumbotron/  I will  customize it into wordpress theme

You need download bootstrap into” yourtheme “folder, whatever theme name you like to call it.

bootstrap_to_wordpress2

 

Those fold should inside your theme folder, don’t worry what are inside it except everything from bootstrap, the other file is empty now.

1) for wordpress could read you theme you need put those on top of your style.css:

/*
Theme Name: Bootstrap to WordPress
Theme URI: http://sandywebdesigner.com
Author: Sandy Zhang
Author URI: http://sandywebdesigner.com
Description: Example theme for  how to convert static Bootstrap site into dynamic WordPress theme
Version: 1.0
License:
License URI:
Text Domain: bootstrap-to-wp

This theme, like WordPress, is licensed under the GPL.
Use it to make something cool, have fun, and share what you’ve learned with others.
*/

/* Move down content because we have a fixed navbar that is 50px tall */
body {
padding-top: 50px;
padding-bottom: 20px;
}
.admin-bar .navbar-fixed-top {
margin-top: 30px;
}
/* Below is the style for navigation in functions.php add a class to sub-menu to the navigation so I just write a simple style to it,you could customize it by yourself */
@media (min-width:768px) {
.sub-menu {
display: none;
position: absolute;
background: #222;
padding: 10px 15px;
width: 150px;
}

li:hover .sub-menu {
display: block;
}

}

.sub-menu li {
margin-bottom: 10px;
list-style: none;
}

.sub-menu li:last-child {
margin-bottom: 0;
}

.sub-menu a  {
color: #999;
text-decoration: none;
}

.sub-menu a:hover  {
color: #fff;
}

.current-menu-item > a, .current-menu-parent > a {
background: #000;
}
.current-menu-parent li a {
background: inherit;
}
.current-menu-parent .current-menu-item a {
color: #fff;
font-weight: bold;
}

.sidebar{
margin-top:40px;
color:#444;
}
.sidebar h3{
color:#888;
}
.widget{
margin:10px 0 30px;
}
article .post{
margin:20px 0;
}

.featured-image img,
.portfolio-piece img,
.portfolio-image img {
max-width:100%;
}

.prev-next{
font-size:24px;
margin-top:30px;
text-align:right;
}

@media (max-width:540px) {
.portfolio-piece h4{
font-size:.8em;
}
.prev-next{
font-size:15px;
margin-top:15px;
text-align:right;
}

}

2)header.php

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html <?php language_attributes(); ?>>
<head>
<meta charset=”<?php bloginfo( ‘charset’ ); ?>”>
<meta http-equiv=”X-UA-Compatible” content=”IE=edge”>
<meta name=”viewport” content=”width=device-width, initial-scale=1″>
<link rel=”shortcut icon” href=”<?php bloginfo(‘template_directory’);?>/images/favicon.ico”>

<title>
<?php wp_title(‘|’,true,’right’);?>
<?php bloginfo(‘name’)?>

</title>

<?php wp_head(); ?>
</head>

<body <?php body_class(); ?>>

<div class=”navbar navbar-inverse navbar-fixed-top” role=”navigation”>
<div class=”container”>
<div class=”navbar-header”>
<button type=”button” class=”navbar-toggle” data-toggle=”collapse” data-target=”.navbar-collapse”>
<span class=”sr-only”>Toggle navigation</span>
<span class=”icon-bar”></span>
<span class=”icon-bar”></span>
<span class=”icon-bar”></span>
</button>
<a class=”navbar-brand” href=”<?php bloginfo(‘url’); ?>”><?php bloginfo(‘name’); ?></a>
</div>
<div class=”navbar-collapse collapse”>
<?php
$args = array(
‘menu’ => ‘mainmenu’,
‘menu_class’ => ‘nav navbar-nav’,
‘container’ => ‘false’
);
wp_nav_menu($args);
?>
</div><!–/.navbar-collapse –>
</div>
</div>

3)footer.php

<hr>

<footer>
<p>&copy; <?php bloginfo(‘name’);?> <?php echo date(‘Y’); ?></p>
</footer>
</div> <!– /container –>
<?php wp_footer(); ?>
</body>
</html>

3)index.php

<?php get_header(); ?>

<div class=”container”>

<div class=”row”>
<div class=”col-md-9″>
<?php if(have_posts()):while(have_posts()):the_post();?>
<div class=”Page-header”>
<h1><?php the_title(); ?></h1>
</div>
<?php the_content();?>
<?php endwhile; else:?>

<div class=”Page-header”>
<h1>Oh no!</h1>
</div>
<p>No content is appearing for this page!</p>
<?php the_content();?>

<?php endif;?>

</div>
<?php get_sidebar(); ?>

</div>

<?php get_footer(); ?>

4)functions.php

<?php
function theme_styles(){
wp_enqueue_style( ‘bootstrap_css’, get_template_directory_uri() . ‘/css/bootstrap.min.css’ );
wp_enqueue_style( ‘main_css’, get_template_directory_uri() . ‘/style.css’ );
}
add_action( ‘wp_enqueue_scripts’, ‘theme_styles’ );

function theme_js(){
global $wp_scripts;
wp_register_script( ‘html5_shiv’, ‘https://oss.maxcdn.com/libs/html5shiv/3.7.0/html5shiv.js&#8217;, ”, ”, false );

wp_register_script( ‘respond_js’, ‘https://oss.maxcdn.com/libs/respond.js/1.4.2/respond.min.js&#8217;, ”, ”, false );

$wp_scripts->add_data( ‘html5_shiv’, ‘conditional’, ‘lt IE 9’ );
$wp_scripts->add_data( ‘respond_js’, ‘conditional’, ‘lt IE 9’ );
wp_enqueue_script( ‘bootstrap_js’, get_template_directory_uri() . ‘/js/bootstrap.min.js’, array(‘jquery’), ”, true );
wp_enqueue_script( ‘theme_js’, get_template_directory_uri() . ‘/js/theme.js’, array(‘jquery’,’bootstrap_js’), ”, true );

}

add_action( ‘wp_enqueue_scripts’, ‘theme_js’ );

add_theme_support(‘menus’);
add_theme_support(‘post-thumbnails’);

function register_theme_menus() {
register_nav_menus(
array(
‘header-menu’    => __( ‘mainmenu’ )
)
);
}
add_action( ‘init’, ‘register_theme_menus’ );

function create_widget( $name, $id, $description ) {

register_sidebar(array(
‘name’ => __( $name ),
‘id’ => $id,
‘description’ => __( $description ),
‘before_widget’ => ‘<div class=”widget”>’,
‘after_widget’ => ‘</div>’,
‘before_title’ => ‘<h2>’,
‘after_title’ => ‘</h2>’
));
}

create_widget( ‘Front Page Left’, ‘front-left’, ‘Displays on the left of the homepage’ );
create_widget( ‘Front Page Center’, ‘front-center’, ‘Displays in the center of the homepage’ );
create_widget( ‘Front Page Right’, ‘front-right’, ‘Displays on the right of the homepage’ );
?>

See how simple it is, index.php you completed, then use this index.php to create other template like page.php. single.php, etc. Have fun!

 

 

 

 

 

 

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How to customize your own WordPress Theme

Once you could write HTML and CSS website template, then you will be able to customize it to

WordPress Theme.

For to do that, there is some basic thing you need know:

1)Need understand WordPress Template Hierarchy, if you don’t knwo before, don’t scare.
Here is few template you must have in your theme folder.

Index.php //  main Theme templateindex.php
page.php //this is the static page template in wordpress
single.php //this is post page template
home.php // blog template
front-page.php//shown On front
archive.php// for archive page template
search.php// if you don’t have wordpree will use index.php

For more detail could go to http://codex.wordpress.org/Template_Hierarchy

2) WordPress cut page into pieces, so onece you have the html and css page, then slide it into
header.php, footer.php, sidebar.php(if you design have sidebar)

3)Here is the basic function you need it.
The path of style.css is: <?php bloginfo( ‘stylesheet_url’ ); ?>
The path of the theme folder: <?php bloginfo(‘template_directory’); ?>
<?php get_header();?> //this is for you get your header
<?php get_footer();?> // this is for you get your footer
<?php get_sidebar();?> //this is for you get your sidebar, if you have sidebar in your design

<?php if(have_posts()):while(have_posts()):the_post();?>
<?php endwhile; else:?>//this loop is very important,will be use for a lot of times when you

create a wordpress theme

In next post I will use a bootstrap Jumbotron template,here is the link http://getbootstrap.com/examples/jumbotron/  I will  customize it into wordpress theme

Customize WordPress Theme: Make header.php and footer.php — Part 2

<?php get_header();?>

<?php get_footer();?>

<?php get_sidebar();?>

Header.php meta change:

    <title><?php wp_title(”); ?><?php if(wp_title(”, false)) { echo ‘ | ‘; } ?> <?php bloginfo(‘name’); ?></title>    
    
    <meta http-equiv=”Content-Type” content=”text/html; charset=<?php bloginfo( ‘charset’ ); ?>” />

 

here is the why I said in the previous post why the categories is so important, in here you could use this in your header.php to pull out it as you navigation:

<?php
    $args=array(
      ‘orderby’ => ‘id’,
      ‘order’ => ‘ASC’
      );
    $categories=get_categories($args);
      foreach($categories as $category) {
        echo ‘<li class=”thisclass”><a href=”‘ . get_category_link( $category->term_id ) . ‘” title=”‘ . sprintf( __( “View all posts in %s” ), $category->name ) . ‘” ‘ . ‘>’ . $category->name.'</a></li>’;
        }
    ?>

 

Post -> Categories

I already started use wordpress for a bit time. But I don’t think that I do use it very properly. Now is my time to rethink that here I found that some things is very important to keep it in mind when start to build a wordpress website.

You can add any new categories at any time, but make a note of the fact that categories can be sorted in WordPress in two ways: by name (alphabetically) or by ID number. As you enter the categories, they are assigned an ID number. It is difficult to change this, so if you don’t want your categories sorted alphabetically, enter them in the order you want to see them presented on the screen.

 

How to change footer language in multilingual website?

Recently my task to fix some issue with the wordpress website. On the footer have a images need connect to multilingual page. I found here is the solution that solve my problem. So I put it down here in case future needed it.

<div id="site-generator">

	<?php $lingo = qtrans_getLanguage();?>
	<?php if ($lingo == 'en') : ?>
	<!-- English HTML here -->
	<?php else : ?>
	<!-- Other language HTML here -->
	<?php endif ?>

</div>